Massive and sometimes “impossible” structures make us wonder how the ancient people built something like this thousands of years ago, without the sophisticated construction equipment we have today.
One of such structures is the majestic Kailasa temple, which was carved out of a single rock 1,200 years ago.
It’s a part of the famous Ellora Caves, an area that extends over more than two kilometers (1,2 miles) and includes the total of 34 monasteries and temples.
The Kailasa temple is 164 feet deep, 109 feet wide, and 98 feet high, which makes it one of the largest monolithic structures in the world.
It is oriented towards the Mount Kailash, which is the home of the god Shiva, according to the Hindu beliefs.
The temple is full of remarkable details and is decorated with the traditional Hindu architectural elements, such as elephants, lions and makaras (sea-creatures in Hindu culture), erotic male and female figures, scenes from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the adventures of Krishna.
It is estimated that about 400,000 tons of rocks were cooped out to build this amazing monolithic structure.
The walls were carved with extreme precision from top down, with a vertical excavation method. No surprise that this challenging task took centuries of human labor to complete.
K. Dhavalikar, a retired Professor of Archaeology and the Director of the Deccan College Post-Graduate Research Institute in Pune, India, wrote a book based on the results of his research in the Ellora Caves.
Despite all the research efforts, the archaeologists are clueless as to who built the temple and for what purpose.
The only certain thing is that the builders of the Kailasa temple had truly remarkable skills since they managed to create such a huge monolithic structure using just a few hand tools like hammers, chisels, and picks.
You can learn more about this theory in the video below:
Source: Humans are free