Most of the statuettes were uncovered from an archaeological site called Tell Al’Ubaid, a small settlement mound in southern Iraq. It predates the construction of the nearby Sumerian city-state of Ur by more than a thousand years.
Little is known about the Ubaid civilization but its influence can be seen in many aspects of the Sumerian culture. Over time, their small villages developed into flourishing towns and cities.
The strange figurines were unearthed in 1919, during the first excavation of the Al’Ubaid site, and have since puzzled the scientific community.
As you can see, they depict humanoids with reptilian characteristics such as elongated heads, almond-shaped eyes and lizard-type noses/snouts.
Archaeologists are unsure of their exact nature and their role remains unknown. However, most of them agree that because the statuettes depict common activities such as breastfeeding, the Ubaid lizardmen (and women) were not ritualistic representations but rather stylized versions of flesh-and-bone creatures.